What is the Outback? And Why is it Important to Australia?

By Josh •  Updated: 09/01/23 •  8 min read

What is the Outback? And why is it important to Australia? Let’s take a look at what makes it unique. This is a colloquial term for vast, largely arid regions of Australia.

The Red Centre is one area that exemplifies the Outback. Alice Springs is the gateway to this region, home to billabong oxbow lakes and Aboriginal rock paintings.

Explore the vast wilderness of Kakadu National Park and learn about the indigenous culture and the land.

what is the outback

What is considered the Outback?

What is considered the Outback? It refers to large areas of Australia that are sparsely populated and dry. Unlike coastal areas, this area is largely devoid of human habitation.

In addition to being sparsely populated, the Outback is also home to many animals and plants that make up a rich ecosystem.

This article will help explore the Outback and how you can identify its boundaries and features.

The Outback is Australia’s vast interior, the driest place on Earth. The arid climate and sparse vegetation make it ideal for grazing cattle and sheep.

However, these communities are largely isolated, except for a few towns linked to the rest of the country by two-way radio.

Some people still live in the Outback, and there is a substantial population of indigenous Australians in this region.

The Outback is home to a range of native species adapted to the region’s climate. While many animals are well-hidden in the bushes during the hottest months, birdlife is abundant in the area.


Birds are most often seen at waterholes during dawn and dusk. Various snakes and lizards also bask in the sun during the winter. In contrast, few people visit the Outback during the summer months.

The Outback is Australia’s heartland. While it covers almost three-quarters of the continent, it is home to only 800,000 people, less than 5% of the total population.

The Outback population density is less than 0.1 people per square kilometer. In comparison, the population density of the UK and Northern Ireland is around 50 people per square kilometer.

The Outback is home to a diverse population of Indigenous Australians, which are the primary beneficiaries of tourism.

What is the Outback known for?

The Outback is the vast arid area of Australia that lies inland from the major population centers. Although sparsely populated, the area is dotted with natural features and animals.

This land is not usually accessed by road. It is also considered a wilderness and has no major cities or highways. What is the Outback known for? Read on to learn more about this arid region.

Some of the Outback’s most famous landmarks are in the Red Centre, which spans the Australian continent.

The region is home to the famous Uluru, an impressive sandstone rock formation. Known as Ayers Rock, the rock’s color changes depending on the time of day and season.

During the day, it glows red. In the evening, the color changes to purple.

The Outback is home to many different species of animals. The dingo is the oldest animal, arriving in the region more than three thousand years ago.

It is an important part of the desert ecosystem and is rapidly being threatened. The spiny devil, a bizarre-looking creature, is also found in the Outback.


It keeps itself hydrated by digging tiny grooves in its skin that lead to its mouth. Cockatoos and budgerigars are also widespread, as are wild horses, called brumbies.

Fire is a major threat in the Outback and affects a variety of habitats. Invasive species, meanwhile, threaten wildlife and cultural values.

These threats require rational consideration of land tenure and use. In particular, water is crucial for much of the Outback ecology, and its use must consider its role in the environment.

The Outback is unique, and we should not lose sight of it.

Why is the Outback called the Outback?

The Outback is a vast region of Australia that is relatively undeveloped and uncharted at ground level. The original name of Ayers Rock, Uluru, is still unknown to most outsiders.

Australians refer to anything rural as the “bush,” and at some point, this bush becomes the Outback. This vast region is separated from the rest of Australia by more than 1,500 miles of desert-like terrain.

The Outback contains a sparse population, with less than a million people living there. While English is the official language in Australia, approximately 150 Aboriginal languages are spoken in the Outback.

Outback people use Aboriginal jargon such as “arvo,” which means afternoon. The Outback is the only area of the world with a population density below one person per square kilometer.

The indigenous people of Australia make up one-fourth of the Outback population.

The Outback is one of the most spectacular places to observe stargazing.

Since the Outback has virtually no light pollution, astronomers can enjoy uninterrupted views of planets, constellations, and over 5,000 stars.

The Outback offers four-wheel-drive adventures, scenic drives through rocky mountain ranges, and camel races. But the best thing about the Outback is that it offers so much more than the usual arid land.

The Outback is the most isolated, arid part of Australia. While most Australians live in coastal areas, this region is home to many unique species.

Because of this, it is often difficult to find people in this region. Outback natives often consider this part of the country as “innermost.”

Why is the outback important to Australia?

Almost every outback Australian was born in the country and married into a rural family. The obvious reason for living in the outback is to support a family.

The primary occupation of these outback residents is farming, particularly the production of meat and wool.

Despite life’s difficulties on a farm, the love of the outback can overcome these challenges. So what is the importance of the outback to Australia?

Despite its remoteness, the Australian Outback offers a unique experience for those who visit.

Its landscape is characterized by several remarkable features, including Uluru, the largest sandstone column in the world, and Kata Tjuta, a giant sandstone formation located in the central region of the desert.

Outback areas are home to the largest oceanic trench on earth and are dotted with kangaroos and emus.

While there are many threats to Outback landscapes, the unique value of the region cannot be underestimated.

The authors aim to create a comprehensive framework for managing and conserving the region’s unique assets through this study.

The study considers modern Outback and preserving natural values in diverse landscapes. They also explore practical conservation and development approaches and the outcomes of these actions.

This study is the first major attempt to consider the Outback as a coherent entity. It confirms that the Outback is a place of international importance and the living heart of Australia.

What is the Largest City in the Outback?

If you’ve ever traveled to the Outback of Australia, you’ll understand the difference between a city and an outback.

Outback is a land with vast expanses of red dirt and sparse vegetation. Despite the names, the area is filled with natural beauty and is often referred to as the “back of beyond” or the “back of Bourke.”

The region is divided into the well-watered Top End and the arid interior. Outback roads are crisscrossed with historic tracks. While the major highways feature a good bitumen surface, most are dirt.

The Outback is a part of Australia that receives less rainfall than the coast and is home to several indigenous communities.

Most people who visit the Outback come to Alice Springs, located near Ayers Rock.

For travelers, Alice Springs is an excellent starting point for exploring the vast expanses of the outback. You’ll be able to see everything the region offers within just a day’s drive.

The Outback is a relatively sparse place in terms of the human population. It spans nearly three-quarters of the continent yet only supports about 800,000 people.

That’s less than 5% of the entire population of Australia. The population density in the Outback is less than 0.1 per square km, far below the average for the rest of the world.

Outback communities are also home to four of five aboriginal councils in South Australia, and one of these councils is Gerard, in the Murray Mallee region to the southeast.

In Australia, many different regions can be considered outback. The inland part of the country is the Australian Alps, much of Victoria, and most of the region around Perth are not outback.

For this reason, people often confuse the Outback with bush. It is much more than a romantic notion; it is actually a distinct, geographically distinct part of the country.

When they visit the Outback, they can expect to experience a different lifestyle than in the cities that line the coast.


Josh is a loving dad and husband, writer, business owner, and someone who loves to explore the world. He last travelled to Australia to visit Sydney, Brisbane, and Cairns and am looking to head back soon to see more! He is a huge fan of hiking, drawing, and so much more!